1. The Referee/Starter Team
2. From the Rulebook
3. High School and Collegiate Swim Times – How Does USA Swimming Track These Times?
4. Apprentice Official Registration Helps Tracking of Officials in OTS
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The Referee/Starter Team
By Paul Memont, New
I use the term
“Team” because the Starter is the backup for the Referee and the Referee is the backup for the Starter.
We all should have read the documents concerning the Referee and Starter on the USA Swimming website,
including the Checklists and The Professional Series. And we have heard these points many times!
What many of us may not know, or think about enough, is how these
two officials -- the Referee and Starter -- interact with each other before and during a meet. My opinions follow.
- The Starter picks his/her position on the deck and the Referee finds a place close enough to make contact if the noise level is
- The Referee controls the pace of the meet by deciding when to hand the heat over to the
Before a meet, the Referee and Starter should talk about any procedures and protocol that may be meet
or Meet Referee specific. Each meet -- at any level -- is unique, and may have differences because of these preferences. When National Evaluators
mentor, they should mention that details will change from meet to meet and from Meet Referee to Meet Referee. We all find procedures that work best
for us and Meet Referees usually have minor differences in the way they like the deck to run. Remember, the Meet Referee sets the protocol and we all
follow it! There is not one way to do anything! We should not hear, “this is the National way” or “this is the way it’s
done at Nationals and the only way it should be done!” There are many paths we take that lead to the same destination and great results. None of
us are or should be puppets! Be flexible, adaptable and prepared to follow instructions handed down by the Meet Referee.
There is a chain of command. The Meet Referee is the leader, decider of policy, sets the atmosphere and
attitude of the meet. On deck there is also a chain of command. The Referees all receive their marching orders from the Meet Referee. The Starters
receive the protocol that may vary meet to meet from the Head Starter (if there is one) who usually meets with the Referees and Meet Referee before
the meet. If the Meet Referee has no direct input for the Starters, the Head Starter decides who will take order of finish and other protocol and
Back to the “team”!
During the meet, the Referee and Starter should communicate before every heat. Sometimes the Referee will mention there will
be an empty lane, a DFS, or another issue with a heat. The Starter should communicate with the Referee before every heat, mentioning empty lanes or a
lane that you think should be empty but has an Athlete. The Starter is the failsafe for the Referee, his or her other set of eyes. Without
taking your eyes off your jobs, small talk between heats serves to relax the two of you and shows everyone watching that you both are having a good
time. This communication should become a positive routine, reduce mistakes and lighten the mood on deck.
What I believe is not proper:
As New England Officials Chair,
I’ve received a few complaints from Starters concerning overzealous Referees and more experienced Starters. The complaint is usually that
another Referee or Starter keeps telling them how to start, where to stand, how to say take your mark. When I talk to the Officials doing this, they
don’t understand why it’s improper to over-mentor, or they don’t understand why I try hard not to give much input. They typically
say “with your experience don’t you think you should mentor everyone every chance you have?”
I think this falls into the same category as a National Evaluator not giving an evaluation unless asked
for. At the LSC level, when we have a qualified Starter working in the position, unless they are hurting the Athletes, we should let them work. If one
little suggestion may help greatly then feel free, but be very frugal with advice unless asked. When we get to the higher levels, it’s
even more important to let the Starter work without critiquing; remember we are a team. If the Athletes are not getting good starts then a little
mentoring may be reasonable, but it’s very important not to overdo it.
Lead and mentor by example. We should never be telling Starters where to stand, to hurry it up because we have a timeline, talk louder
(it’s alright to pass on to the Starter that there may be an issue being heard). We should never tell Starters how to hold the microphone, for
instance, “you must hold the microphone with one hand” or “you must hold the microphone with two hands,” especially when an
Omega system is being used. The important thing is that all Athletes get a fair and patient start, the cord is protected so that Athletes and
Officials don’t trip on it, and we have a plan to execute hand signals for deaf swimmers if needed. For any standard microphone like the
Colorado or Daktronics, I personally feel we should be using one hand so our free hand can give hearing-impaired signals if needed.
Remember that the key for the Starter/Referee team is to communicate with each other! This
cuts tension and lets everyone on and off the deck see how much fun you are having. They may want to take part next meet!
For the same reason, smile as often as you can!
Don’t mentor unless asked or the Athlete is not getting a fair start!
Don’t assume your teammate sees everything -- let them know!
Have a lot of patience with not only the Athletes but also everyone else!
Mentor by example!
Enjoy or stay home!
Be a TEAM!
From The Rulebook
By Dan McAllen, Chair, Rules & Regulations
You are the Referee for a preliminary/final meet. Finals are being swum in
ABC order as opposed to the typical CBA order. When the A Final is called to the blocks for the Men's 200 butterfly, the swimmer in lane 6 is missing.
This is the first moment that you are aware of a problem in the A Final. You then are told that the swimmer has gone home due to illness. Immediately
you approach the swimmer in lane 4 of the B final that is waiting behind the blocks to swim and advise him that you have an empty lane 6 in the A
final that he can move into. He refuses, saying that he is fine with swimming in the B final. Your first thought is, "he can't do that" and
must move up. Is that correct? Do you leave the lane empty?
Interestingly, this situation is not really covered by the rules, but nothing in
the rules requires that a swimmer move up just because the opportunity is available. The refusal, while surprising, is within the rules, but there is
no need to swim the A final with an empty lane. Rule 102.5.6 B provides that empty lanes may be filled with swimmers from slower heats and by using
the alternates. Thus, logic would dictate that the Referee then would turn to the lane 5 swimmer in the B final to fill the missing A final lane, move
the fastest swimmer in the C final into lane 5 of the B final, with the first alternate then moving into the C final. Rule 102.11 gives the Referee
the authority to decide all questions not covered by the rules, so while other solutions may be advanced to resolve this issue, the one suggested is
the preferred resolution.
High School and Collegiate Swim Times – How Does USA Swimming
Track These Times?
By Suzanne Heath, Times and Recognition Committee
The 2014 championship seasons for the
nation’s high school and collegiate swimmers are now in the record books. If you use the Event or Times Search features on the USA Swimming
website, you may wonder why the times for these athletes are shown as LSC-UN in the SWIMS database.
- First of all, remember that the
swimmers are not representing their club teams at the time of these swims; they are competing for organizations with different governing rules, and
with eligibility requirements that have nothing to do with the club structure of USA Swimming.
- Meets held under the umbrella of a different governing body using different rules are “observed”
meets if a request is made to the local LSC to include the times swum for USA Swimming usage. This means that
USA Swimming officials are present at the meet, according to our rules and policies, to observe the competition and note any violations of USA
Swimming technical rules. These violations are reported to the SWIMS Times Officer or designated official in the LSC.
- Once an observed meet is completed, each LSC,
according to its policies, may load the times that are valid for USA Swimming use. High school meets are loaded by the LSC; NCAA meets are loaded
directly from the host institution.
- During the high school and college seasons, athletes may represent their schools in scheduled competitions. In some
states, the high school association may restrict the time a swimmer may practice with his/her club team and prohibit competition in club meets during
the season. If a swimmer’s time from an observed high school meet were to be credited to the club team, the athlete could lose eligibility for
- For this
reason, and in order to protect all our USA Swimming member high school swimmers, the times swum in these observed meets are credited to the athlete
for swimming unattached in his/her LSC.
- Similarly, the times swum in NCAA competition that go into our database are shown as LSC-UN for member athletes. If a
college meet is observed, the times also will go into the USA Swimming side of the SWIMS database. If a meet is not observed, the times only will show
on the NCAA side of the database (secondary organization times).
- Times in the USA-S database for member athletes are eligible for records, for top times, for Scholastic
All America, and for use as entry times into any USA Swimming meet.
When the Virtual Club Championship program was initiated, Club
Development worked with the Times and Recognition Committee in an attempt to get credit for the club of record for high school swimmers. Given the
differing policies and restrictions of state associations, this was not possible. Rather than permit club credit for high school swims in states where
it was not an issue, the decision was made to maintain the same status for all swimmers – a good example of fairness across the board which is a
cornerstone for programs sponsored by USA Swimming.
Apprentice Official Registration Helps Tracking of Officials in
Earlier this year SWIMS and OTS were modified to allow the
registration of Apprentice Officials prior to becoming a current Non-Athlete Member of USA Swimming. Apprentice Official status
expires 60 days after the recorded “Start Date,” which may be no later than the first day the Apprentice Official trains on-deck at a swim
meet. The use of this process needs to be coordinated between the LSC Registration Chair and the LSC Officials Committee.
All apprentice officials must be either current Non-Athlete Members (including APT and BGC) or
registered as a non-member Apprentice Official prior to "on-deck" training. Check with your LSC for specific requirements.
Once registered, Apprentice Officials can be entered into meets in OTS.
Apprentice Stroke and Turn Judge (XJ) or Apprentice Administrative Official (YA) sessions then can be recorded for them as long as meets are completed
on, or prior to, 60 days after the registration date.
contact your LSC Officials Chair or LSC Registrar for more information about this process.
Recently the Officials Tracking
System (OTS) has undergone some updates and enhancements. These include:
Certification summaries for officials now include any LSC Evaluator/Instructor levels assigned to the official by the LSC Officials Committee.
- can be added to meets that are
completed on, or prior to, 60 days after the registration date. They only can be credited with apprentice S&T (XJ) and apprentice AO (YA)
- have access to OTS “My History” for 60 days after their registration
- can be found and added to “Activities” at any time.
- can be found and included in any OTS reports.
Additional columns to accommodate this information have been included in the CSV
version of the officials detail report.
LSC Evaluator/Instructor levels
are shown in other locations after the position certification in similar format to the National evaluator levels.
Format is: XX YY:zz
where XX (upper case) = certified position,
YY (upper case) = LSC
certification level, and
zz (lower case) = LSC
3. Apprentice Administrative Official
(YA) and Apprentice Timing Judge (XT) have been added to the positions drop down for session recording.
Note: These also add columns to the CSV version of the “Officials Detail Report.”
Apprentice Open Water Judge (ZJ) and Apprentice Open Water Referee (ZR) will be added